The Jewish Family Bachmann of Friesen near Kronach

(Later in Kronach, Amberg, München and Switzerland)

 

Herbert Bachmann

 

Herbert Bachmann was born in Amberg/Oberpfalz in 1893 as son of David Bachmann of Kronach/Oberfranken and Rachel Strauss of Syracuse/New York1. Herbert Bachmann studied Staatswirtschaft (public or state economy) from 1912/13 to 1918/19 at the Ludwig-Maximilian University in Munich. At this time he lived with his parents at the Häberlstrasse 15/3 in Munich as it is shown in the register of the University2.

 

Herbert Bachmann was a soldier in World War I from 01.12.1916 until 18.11.1918. First he was in the 2. Ersatz-Bataillon of the 4. Feldartillerie-Regiment, then on the 27.04.1917 he was transferred to the 6. Battery of the Reserve-Feldartillerie-Regiment Nr. 1. On the 04.07.1917 he was rejected from the frontline to the 4. Company of the 3. Landsturm Infanterie Bataillon Augsburg. Finally he was transferred to the Wirtschafts-Kompanie 33 on the 08.07.1918 and to the Zivilverwaltung 6 on the 18.11.19183.

 

In October 1934 he asked for a confirmation of his service in World War I at the Zentralnachweisamt für Kriegerverluste und Kriegergräber, Zweigstelle Munich. This record says that he only was in the theatre of war from 27.04.1917 until 02.07.1917, more exactly in the trench war in Flanders/France. As he only served at the frontline for a short time he had never obtained any promotion or medal or decoration. A directive of the 26.06.1917 said that he should only be employed in the back area3.

 

From 1921 until 1936 Dr. Herbert Bachmann was managing director of some trade associations. 1936 he migrated to Switzerland where he did academic researches and published a book with the title “Wirtschafts-Wille und –Wert” in Bern in 1945. Beginning in the year 1946 he was the secretary of economy- und social politics at the Landesbezirk Bayern of the DGB4. He also worked as editor of the Gewerkschafts-Zeitung (newspaper of the trade/labor union). In the Munich city directories of the years 1953, 1954, 1961 and 1966 he was mentioned as Direktions-Sekretär and he lived at the Prinz-Ludwig-Strasse 14/4 in Munich5.

 

The Stadtarchiv Zurich sent to me three scans of Einwohnerkontrolle-Meldekarten (documents of the inhabitants registry office). They say that Herbert Bachmann lived sometimes in Berlin and sometimes in Zurich between 1936 and 1938. He lived at Kasinostr. 12 and at Plattenstr. 78 (Hottingerhof).6

 

1 Biographisches Gedenkbuch der Münchner Juden 1933-1945

http://www.muenchen.de/rathaus/gedenkbuch/gedenkbuch.html

 

2 Matrikeln der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München 1912-1919

http://genwiki.genealogy.net/Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität_München/Matrikel/Veröffentlichungen

 

3 Stammrolle der bayerischen Armee inkl. Militär-Dienstzeit-Bescheinigung bei ancestry.de

(Original im Bayerischen Kriegsarchiv des Bayerischen Hauptstaatsarchivs in München)

 

4 library.fes.de/gmh/main/pdf-files/gmh/1951/1951-11-Mitteilungen.pdf

 

You will find more publications of Herbert Bachmann in Switzerland on e-periodica.

https://www.e-periodica.ch/ (in German and French Language)

 

5 http://genwiki.de/w/index.php?title=Kategorie:Adressbuch_in_der_DigiBib&from=M

 

6 Stadtarchiv Zurich https://www.stadt-zuerich.ch/prd/de/index/stadtarchiv.html

Einwohnerkontrolle-Meldekarten. (V.E.c.100. Einwohner- und Fremdenkontrolle. Meldekarten)

 

More Information of Hottingerhof at Plattenstrasse 78 in Zurich-Fluntern

https://www.alt-zueri.ch/turicum/strassen/p/index.htm

http://www.flunternerzaehlt.ch/articledetail/200

  

 

Siegfried Bachmann

 

Siegfried Bachmann was born in Amberg/Oberpfalz on the 28.04.1894 as son of David Bachmann of Kronach/Oberfranken and Rachel Strauss of Syracuse/New York1. Siegfried Bachmann did his service in World War I at an infantery regiment of Hessen and he died in Russia in December 19142. You can read the history of the “5. Grossherzoglich hessisches Infanterie Regiment Nr. 168” online3.

 

1 Biographisches Gedenkbuch der Münchner Juden 1933-1945

http://www.muenchen.de/rathaus/gedenkbuch/gedenkbuch.html

 

2 Preussische Verlustliste Nr. 134 vom 25. Januar 1915

http://des.genealogy.net/search/show/1330489

 

Haus der bayerischen Geschichte – Für das Vaterland starben auch jüdische Soldaten

http://www.hdbg.de/gedenktafeln/index_extern.shtml

 

Liste der im 1. Weltkrieg gefallenen Soldaten jüdischen Glaubens aus München

http://www.denkmalprojekt.org/verlustlisten/rjf_muenchen_wk1.htm

 

3 Adolf Soldan. Das 5. Grossherzoglich hessische Infanterie-Regiment Nr 168

http://genwiki.genealogy.net/IR_168

http://genwiki.genealogy.net/50._Reserve-Infanterie-Brigade

http://www.lagis-hessen.de/de/subjects/idrec/sn/qhg/id/1799

 

 

David Bachmann

 

David Bachmann was born in Friesen near Kronach on the 13.11.1860 and died in Munich on the 21.02.1942. He was the son of Hermann Bachmann, salesman and Louise Bachmann, born Krauss. David Bachmann married Rachel Strauss in Regensburg on the 21.06.1892. Their sons Herbert and Siegfried were born in Amberg/Oberpfalz in the years 1893 and 1894. On the 24.10.1906 this family moved from Kronach to Munich where they lived and worked at the Häberlstrasse 15/3 until 1940. On the 20.02.1940 David and Rachel moved to the Herzog-Heinrich-Strasse 8/2. On the 15.10.1940 David Bachmann moved to the Leopoldstrasse 48/0 and on the 01.12.1941 he was placed in the old people’s home of the Jewish Community in the Mathildenstrasse 8.

 

Biographisches Gedenkbuch der Münchner Juden 1933-1945 und Adressbücher von München.

http://www.muenchen.de/rathaus/gedenkbuch/gedenkbuch.html

http://genwiki.de/w/index.php?title=Kategorie:Adressbuch_in_der_DigiBib&from=M

 

Verzeichnis der gewerbepolizeilich gemeldeten jüdischen Gewerbetreibenden in München (Stand vom 15. Februar 1938) http://www.rijo.homepage.t-online.de/pdf_2/DE_MU_JU_gewerbe.pdf

 

 

Rachel Bachmann, born Strauss

 

Rachel Strauss was born in Syracuse, New York, USA on the 23.07.1869 and she died in Munich on the 18.08.1940. She was the daughter of Jakob Strauss, Jeweler in the USA, later trader in Munich, and Lina Weil. Rachel Strauss had two brothers, Moritz Strauss, born in Syracuse on the 04.05.1872 and Samuel Strauss, born in Richfield Springs on the 02.06.1875 and died on 22.06.1939 in Pullach. Rachel Strauss married David Bachmann in Regensburg on the 21.06.1892. Their sons Herbert and Siegfried were born in Amberg/Oberpfalz in the years 1893 and 1894. On the 24.10.1906 this family moved from Kronach to Munich where they lived and worked at the Häberlstrasse 15/3. On the 20.02.1940 they moved to the Herzog-Heinrich-Strasse 8/2.

 

Biographisches Gedenkbuch der Münchner Juden 1933-1945 und Adressbücher von München

http://www.muenchen.de/rathaus/gedenkbuch/gedenkbuch.html

http://genwiki.de/w/index.php?title=Kategorie:Adressbuch_in_der_DigiBib&from=M

 

Censuslists of 1870 in Onondaga and of 1875 in Richfield/Otsego on familysearch

https://www.familysearch.org/ (you need to have an account to view the original documents)

 

 

Samuel Semi Strauss

 

Samuel Strauss was born in Richfield Springs, USA on the 02.06.1875 and he died in Pullach on the 22.06.1939. He was the son of Jakob Strauss, Jeweler in the USA, later trader in Munich, and Lina Weil. Samuel Strauss had one sister, Rachel Bachmann, born in Syracuse/New York on the 23.07.1869 and died in Munich on the 18.08.1940 and one brother, Moritz Strauss, born in Syracuse/New York on the 04.05.1872. Samuel Strauss married Klara Eigner in Mannheim on the 10.04.1913. Klara Eigner was born in Mannheim on the 10.03.1885 and she died in Munich on the 04.05.1939.

 

The information about this marriage can not only be found in the Gedenkbuch of the Jews of Munich but also in the Jewish Standesbücher in the Hauptstaats-Archives in Stuttgart. On the website of the archives you can find the BMD records of the jewish comunities in Württemberg, Baden and Hohen- zollern from the 18th to the 20th century with the ones from Mannheim. Unfortunately you can only find a register list of the marriages of Mannheim, not the entries with the whole amount of info. So I would appreciate it if someone could give me more info about the parents and ancestors of Klara Eigner.

.

Samuel Strauss in the address books / city directories of Munich 1916-1938:

1916-1922: Strauss Samuel, Haarschmuck-Grossgewerbe, Herzog Wilhelm Strasse 21/0, Wohnung Hans-Sachs-Str. 12/3

1923-1926: Strauss Samuel jun., Herzog Wilhelm Strasse 21/0, Wohnung Hans-Sachs-Str. 12/3

1927-1934: Strauss Samuel jun., IR Parfümwaren-Grosshandlung, Häberlstrasse 12/1, Wohnung Hans-Sachs-Strasse 12/3

1935-1938  Strauss Samuel jun., IR Parfümwaren-Grosshandlung, Müllerstrasse 39/1, Wohnung Hans-Sachs-Strasse 12/3

 

They had one son, Ludwig Jakob Strauss, born in Mannheim on the 27.02.1917. He migrated to France in March 1933 and continued his studies there. He was interned in the Camp Tombebouc and Camp de Savaud in Casseneuil (both situated in the Department Lot-et-Garonne). On the 09.09.1942 he was deported on the 20th convoy from Drancy to Auschwitz.

 

Moritz Strauss (not the brother) in the city directories of Munich 1922-1938:

1922-1923 Strauss Moritz, Bankbeamter, Kobellstrasse 1/2

1924-1926 he ist not listed, 1925 not found any Strauss entry

1927          Strauss Moritz, Bankbeamter, Ainmillerstrasse 37/0

1928-1929 Strauss Moritz, Bankbeamter, Finkenstrasse 3/4

1930-1931 Strauss Moritz, Bankbeamter, Andréestrasse 6/2

1932          Strauss Moritz, Bankbeamter, Liebherrstrasse 31

1933-1938 Strauss Moritz, Hotel- und Kücheneinrichtungen, Liebherrstrasse 31

 

This Moritz Strauss was married to Hedwig Burghardt. They had at least one daughter Ruth Nora who was born in Munich on the 08.01.1928. All three persons travelled on board the S.S. Manhattan from Southampton to New York, where they arrived on the 30.03.1939. On the passengers manifest were mentioned two brothers: F. Strauss at Ventlostreet in Düsseldorf and N. Strauss at Ocean Avenue in Brooklyn, New York. In 1940 Morris and Hady Strauss lived at Oakwood Garden Apartment House in Brooklyn, New York. Ruth Nora Strauss died at the Nursing Home at Cedar Village Drive in Mason, Warren County, Ohio on the 26.06.2004. She was buried on New Hope Cemetery in Covedale, Hamilton, Ohio.

 

Biographisches Gedenkbuch der Münchner Juden 1933-1945 und Adressbücher München

http://www.muenchen.de/rathaus/gedenkbuch/gedenkbuch.html

http://genwiki.de/w/index.php?title=Kategorie:Adressbuch_in_der_DigiBib&from=M

 

Verzeichnis der gewerbepolizeilich gemeldeten jüdischen Gewerbetreibenden in München (Stand vom 15. Februar 1938) http://www.rijo.homepage.t-online.de/pdf_2/DE_MU_JU_gewerbe.pdf

 

Personenstandsregister der jüdischen Gemeinden in Württemberg, Baden und Hohenzollern 

https://www2.landesarchiv-bw.de/ofs21/olf/struktur.php?bestand=5632

 

Arrestation dans le département du Lot-et-Garonne en 1939-1945 (Louis Strauss)

http://www.ajpn.org/arrestationdep-47.html

 

Bayerische Israelitische Gemeindezeitung vom 15.03.1928 (Ruth Nora Strauss)

http://sammlungen.ub.uni-frankfurt.de/cm/periodical/titleinfo/2727853

 

Passagierliste von Southampton nach New York 1939 bei familysearch.org

Volkszählung (Censusliste) von Brooklyn, New York 1940 bei familysearch.org

Ohio Death Index 1908-1932, 1938-1944, 1958-2007 bei familysearch.org

 

 

Jacob Straus, Jeweler in Syracuse, New York

 

It is unknown to me where Jacob Straus was born and when he travelled first to the United States. The Census lists say, he was born in Württemberg and his wife was born in Baden (Counties in Germany). At he time of the US-Census of 1860 a Jacob Strous lived in the household of Abraham Stern, jeweler in Syracuse, Onondaga, New York. Abraham Stern and his wife Ricka also came from Württemberg and they had three children: Bella, Rachael and Samuel Stern (who was later an attorney or lawyer).1

 

In the newspapers of Syracuse in the State of New York Jacob Straus is mentioned several times between 1866 and at least 1873.

 

In January 1866 a Co-partnership was announced between Abraham Stern and Jacob Straus, for the purpose of carrying on a general Jewelry business.2 1868 their business location was at 31 East Genesee Street as it is mentioned in the business directory of Onondaga County, where Syracuse is situated. They were importers and dealers in Watches, Jewelry, Silver ware.3

 

Also in 1868 Jacob Straus travelled to Europe for some months and visited Germany. In October he came back to Syracuse with his bride or wife, which is not named in the newspapers. Unfortunately they also mention neither her place of birth nor their place of marriage.4

 

1869 the firm Abraham Stern & Co. moved to a new business location. As the first part of this article is missing, I don’t know their new business address.5 On the census list of 1870 Jakob Straus, his wife Maslina and their daughter Reginal (Rachel) lived in Syracuse, Onondaga, New York.6

 

On February 1873 several newspapers announced the dissolution of the Co-partnership of Abraham Stern and Jacob Straus. Abraham Stern continued to manage the firm at the same business location at South Salina Street, Globe Building in Syracuse.7

 

Jacob Straus started a new business at Church Street in Richfield Springs. An advertise mentions that he now offers a very large stock of Fine Gold and Silver Foreign Watches of his own importation. American Watches, direct from the manufacturers. Jewelry of every description! Solid Silver and Plated Ware spectacles! First Class Jewelry Store, at greatly reduced prices.8

 

On the census list of 1875 Jakob Straus and his family still lived in Richfield Springs, Otsego County, New York. Now they had a daughter Rachel and two sons Moris and Samie. Moris was born in Syracuse, Onondaga in 1872 and Samie was born in Richfield Springs, Otsego County in 1875.9

 

In November 1876 Jacob Straus of the County of Onondaga in the State of New York applied for a passport. He mentioned that he already had obtained a passport on the 6th of March 1868 (but I couldn’t find this passport application). According to the passport application in November 1876 he planned to go abroad with his wife and the three minor children, Rachel (age 7 years), Moriss (age 4 years) and Samuel (age 1 year and 4 months).10

 

 

1 Censuslists 1860, 1865, 1870 of Syracuse, Onondaga, New York

1 You will find the original documents on www.familysearch.org

2 The Syracuse Daily Journal, Syracuse, New York, Monday Morning, January 15, 1866

3 Gazetteer and business directory of Onondaga County, New York for 1868

4 The Syracuse Daily Journal, Syracuse, New York, Tuesday, October 20, 1868

4 Official Paper of the City and County, Syracuse, Tuesday, October 20, 1868

5 Syracuse Daily Standard, Syracuse, New York, 1869

6 Censuslist 1870 of Syracuse, Onondaga, New York

6 You will find the original document on www.familysearch.org

7 Syracuse Daily Standard, Syracuse, New York, Wednesday, February 5, 1873

8 Richfield Springs Mercury, Richfield Springs, New York, 1867-1884

9 Censuslist 1875 of Richfield Springs, Otsego, New York

9 You will find the original document on www.familysearch.org

10 The Passport Application of 1876 is online on www.familysearch.org

 

All newspapers and advertisings you can see here http://fultonhistory.com/

 

 

Ancestors of David Bachmann in Friesen near Kronach

 

Parents: Hermann Bachmann was born in Friesen near Kronach on the 24. or 28.07.1828. He was married to Louise Krauss, born in Burgkunstadt. Hermann died in Kronach on the 08.04.1897 and was buried on the Jewish Cemetery in Burgkunstadt (see JewishGen Burial Registry Database).

 

Hermann’s brother Simon Bachmann was born in Kronach on the 29.10.1836 and he died in Bamberg on the 25.12.1897. He was married to Hedwig Reitzenbeger, she was born in Burgkunstadt on the 28.01.1843 and she died in Bamberg on the 03.04.1920.

 

In the night from the 8th to the 9th January 1868 a fire broke out in the house Nr. 92 in the higher part of the city which was in possession of the brothers Hermann and Simon Bachmann. This is mentioned in the “Fortgesetzte Chronik der Stadt Cronach” written by Carl Mertel (the Mayor of Cronach).

 

The Parents of Hermann and Simon were:

 

David Bachmann, born in Friesen near Kronach in 1792 and died in Burgkunstadt on the 31.12.1859 (buried also in Burgkunstadt) and Mathilde Magdalene Bamberger, born in Burgkunstadt in 1799 and died on the 04.06.1878. She had a sister named Behle Bamberger, born in Burgkunstadt in 1792 who was married to Abraham Hirsch Bachmann, born in Friesen near Kronach in 1788.

 

 

More Information about the Bamberger and Bachmann Families

 

You will find more information about the siblings of Hermann and Simon Bachmann and also the siblings of Mathilde Magdalene Bamberger, their spouses and descendants on the following links:

 

http://www.lorlebergplatz.de/juden_in_erlangen_II.pdf (Bamberger)

http://sternmail.co.uk/sld/descend.php?personID=I11009&tree=SLtree

 

If you search on Leo Baeck Institute https://www.lbi.org/

for Burgkunstadt you will find the following reports:

 

- The Descendants of Salomon Bamberger and Esther Kann, darin zitiert:

History of the Bamberger Families of Burgkunstadt and Mitwitz (H. Loebl)

- Der jüdische Friedhof von Burgkunstadt / Dr. med. Siegfried Rudolph

- The Jewish cemetery at Burgkunstadt, Upper Franconia, Germany

Surveyed, photographed and recorded by Dr. Siegfried Mitwitz

- Street scenes, synagogues and cemeteries in Altenkunstadt,

Burgkunstadt and Württemberg, Germany

 

 

„Kataster über israelitische Glaubensgenossen“ aus dem Jahr 1823 in Friesen:

Haus Nr. 49 Abraham Bachmann und seine Ehefrau Babette

Haus Nr. 61 Abraham Bachmann und seine Ehefrau Rosetha, Söhne Abraham, David, Daniel

Haus Nr. 61 David Bachmann, Ehefrau nicht erwähnt, Kinder Abraham und Fanny

Haus Nr. 72 Bis 1820 Manasses Strauss, ab 1823 David Bachmann

 

1856 waren 20 Häuser des Dorfes Friesen im Besitz der Juden, darunter:

Haus Nr. 49 Salomon Rossmann, Isaak Rauh und David Bachmann

Haus Nr. 52 Hermann Bachmann, lediger Handelsmann, später Salomon Strauss

Haus Nr. 61 David Bachmann und seine Ehefrau Magdalena, geborene Bamberger

 

Jewish families in Friesen near Kronach in the 18th and 19th century with parts of the

„Kataster über israelitische Glaubensgenossen“ of the year 1823 and list of houses in 1856.

http://www.alemannia-judaica.de/images/Images%20408/Friesen%20Lit%20201.pdf